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NOTE: No new claims after 27/10/8 claim this instead
People who have been incapable of work for over 28 weeks before age 20, or age 25 if they have continually been in education since before age 20. If they do not already have Severe Disablement Allowance, you could get Incapacity Benefit without needing to satisfy the National Insurance Contribution Conditions.
You must be at least 16 when you claim.
If you are aged 16, 17, or 18 you will usually not be entitled if you are still at school or college for over 21 hours weekly. Any education that is not suitable for someone (without any disabilities) of the same age as your self should not count towards this 21 hour limit.
Always put in a claim for Income Support at the same time. As you would normally get a top up. If you do not get Incapacity Benefit then the qualifying conditions for Income Support, are easier to meet so you might be paid this instead anyway.
This 28 week qualifying period can be before age 16, ask your doctor for a back dated sick line.